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  • This BLOG has a double purpose. It aims to contribute to the discussion and development of the academic field that could be situated in between complexity theory, knowledge management, innovation and learning; in summary a more holistic and systemic approach to management. As such it reflects the activities that take place in the Euromed transversal research track on this subject. The Home Page and the Reading host this contribution. In the News and Discussion sections, this BLOG is used to animate courses in the area of “Complexity and the Networked Economy”, "Knowledge Management and Learning" and "A quantum interpreation of business".

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Armchair Guy

Here is a comment I have also posted elsewhere. It concerns my inability to reconcile causality and determinism, even though most people seem to attempt to define determinism in terms of causality. The argument below implies that causality is meaningless in a deterministic universe.

The notion that determinism includes causality is perplexing. It seems to me that causality rests entirely on counterfactual outcomes. In a deterministic world, all outcomes are pre-decided throughout time. There is no possibility of any counterfactual outcome other than the one that occurred/will occur. Thus in a deterministic universe, any event A occurring before an event B vacuously "causes" event B. You cannot say, "But if A had not occurred, B would still have occurred," because under determinism the premise "If A had not occurred" is meaningless -- akin to saying "If 1 was equal to 2".

The only definition of causality that I can think of is one based on consensus or faith: A causes B if we *believe* A causes B.


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